|Management SUGAR BUSH MANAGEMENT
Sugar bushs are managed to produce a larger amount of sap and maintain healthy stands. These stands are thinned to provide large, dense tops exposing the trees under the sun. Trees with deformed or diseased stems are removed to promote the growth of trees with large diameter rods and to prevent diseases from spreading. Trees and woodlots are also chosen for the sweetness of the product syrup. A higher sugar content promotes a bigger syrup production. The sugar content is determined by genetic and physical characteristics of trees.
REGENERATION OF SUGAR MAPLE
Natural regeneration is the best way to establish a sugar maple stand. Sugar maples produce a large number of seeds. When sugar maple grows in a forest, there are hundreds of seedlings around. These seedlings respond well to sunlight. To facilitate natural regeneration areas can be thinned to create openings in the forest canopy and allowing sunlight to reach the floor.
TO from a density of more than 300 000 seedlings per hectare, only a few hundred trees reach adulthood.
The sugar maple can also grow from stem and roots. However, trees that grow from stem are more susceptible to disease than trees from seeds. In adulthood, the stump sprouts are easily recognized groupings of two or more stems attached to the ground.
PLANTATION OF SUGAR MAPLE
The sugar maple can be planted in fields but it needs a lot of maintenance to survive. Seedlings should be protected from other plants that compete with them for the sun, water and nutrients. They are also threatened by mice, deer and other wildlife.